Most people when they indulge any kind of outdoor or exercising activities they primarily are focused only on fat loss. To achieve maximum fat loss many just indulge in cardio training such as running, brisk walking or jogging. In my career as a trainer I have also come across many of the bodybuilders who want to achieve fat loss only through weight training and neglect cardio as well as flexibility training.
I would like to elaborate the type of the training and its benefits for fat loss.
Weight Training or anaerobic activity
Weight lifting or weight training normally comes under anaerobic type of the activity where in oxygen is not present and this type of training helps to achieve an after burn effect. This is also known as the EPOC effect. (Exercise Post Oxygen Consumption). The acronym EPOC itself elaborates the after burn concept. Oxygen in reality is consumed more after the exercise. In short it means that burning more calories after workout and also helps to burn maximum fats in minimum duration.
Cardiovascular Training or Aerobic Activity
Any activity performed for more than 2 minutes with low, moderate or high intensity is known as cardiovascular training. This training includes running, Jogging, Swimming, aerobics etc. Cardio training is supported by oxygen therefore also known as aerobic activity. Cardio exercises helps in strengthening the heart, lowering stress and recovering the muscle tissues
Major fat loss is achieved when we follow interval training. The simple example of interval training is 1 minute of fast run and 2 minutes of slow run. It’s all about the high and low intensity.
We can also go for HIIT (High Intensity of Interval Training) for example 20 to 30 seconds of Sprinting and 10 to 20 seconds of slow running. This type of training also helps the EPOC effect. To burn maximum fats we need to apply both anaerobic and aerobic method.
I can say both types of training go hand in hand and support each other. If we are targeting only anaerobic activity like body conditioning or weights it will definitely improve the muscular fitness but will not help in strengthening the heart. And neglecting cardio workout will result in poor heart, less recovery of the muscles, and increase the stress levels.
If we target only the cardiovascular exercises then we will lose the muscular fitness. We will lose most of the weight in muscles and not fats. By neglecting Muscular fitness we will also invite many issues like knee pain or others.
My advice as a full time trainer and coach is that both type of exercises are important for fat loss and to maintain or improve the muscle mass. Apart from fat loss these exercises help to improve our heart condition and are applicable in all weather. These exercises can be performed by any normal person, athletes or body builders. Degree of both the modes may be different but required by all.
Thus focus on both type of training to achieve maximum fat loss.